stop and take a breather, while we take a moment to evaluate
where we have finally arrived.
now (as long as you have been taking this all seriously) you
can: (1) Recite your Aleph-Bet as good as you can recite your
ABC's; (2) Correctly identify the basic Hebrew letters (including
4 dagesh); (3) Know at least one ancient picture meaning for
each letter; (4) Correctly identify 5 Sofit letters; (5) You
know and understand at least three different methods of Hebrew
Gematria; (6) And you can write your Aleph-Bet in Hebrew and
ancient hieroglyphic characters.
you need to brush up on some of these, please do so as you
will only cheat yourself out of future blessings.
must be learned one step at a time with nothing lacking, to
meet your ultimate goal of understanding and comprehension.
Think of sowing, watering and increase.
can sow some knowledge and encourage you, but wisdom is acted
out by you completing these steps. The increase is God alone
giving you understanding.
are making good progress and will soon be sailing in open
IN ANCIENT TIMES
learning about vowels, I will teach you what they are today
and what they were in ancient times. Later we will learn the
meanings of the vowels, which will help bring more spiritual
understanding and comprehension. Paul taught this concept
in the teaching of the resurrection: Howbeit that is
not first which is spiritual, but that which is natural; then
that which is spiritual(1).
It would be hard to learn spiritual principles from knowledge
that you have not yet learned. You must first learn the natural
to be able to see the spiritual.
Vowels in ancient times were three consonants that doubled
as vowels. These vowels would correspond to the same English
vowel sounds that we have today (a, e, i, o, u) by only using
three consonants Yod, Hey and Vav ()
hold on to this info for later, as it might help bring revelation
in the future. One point to consider is when you hear people
make comments about God's name. They might say that we can't
know the correct pronunciation of God's name, because vowels
were never added to it when the Masoretic vowels were invented.
While this may be true as stated, many of these people do
not stop to think that God's name ()
is not only made up of ALL historic vowels, but every vowel
that existed at the time His name was first written. When
we seek for more understanding we might see Moses at the bush,
asking for his name and he says I AM aeiou (and
sometimes y). It is easy to see that God is EVERY vowel that
connects and holds EVERY word together. He is all and in all!(2)
You can study
this topic here (also notice that aleph was silent in
Hebrew and was only used as a vowel in aramaic and arabic).
names of the vowels will be important later, so we will not
only learn the nikkudot(3)
and their sounds, but also the meaning of the Hebrew names
of the vowels and letters as well.
have already warned about many having their own views and
rules for pronunciation.
My advice is to learn at least one teaching for now, but have
an open mind to learn more (or all of them) later. For now
if you learn what the vowels are, their names and one dialect
you can consider yourself ready to go on to the next step.
The different known dialects and reconstructions presently
Pronunciation system within the Haredi Jewish community
Pronunciation system within the Sephardic community. This
dialect was influenced by languages after dispersion such
as Spanish, Portuguese, Greek, Arabic (and others)
Pronunciation system for Yemenite Jews also called Temani
Hebrew (closest to Tiberian and Mishnaic Hebrew)
Reconstructed, Revived or Limited Restoration:
Tiberian vocalization Masoretic scholars that lived in ancient
Tiberias and the inventors of nikkudot 750 C.E. The nikkudot
taught today is not the same as the original Tiberian Hebrew
as we can see and now glean from different credible sources.
First in this list would be the Aleppo Codex. Closest Pronunciation
system however would be the Yemenite system
Mishnaic / Tannaitic
Mishnaic Hebrew is only one of the Hebrew dialects found in
the Talmud. Mishnaic Hebrew is Classical Biblical Hebrew found
in early rabbinic sources such as (but not limited to) the
Talmud, Midrash and Mishna. The names and markings are not
in dispute, it is only the exact sounds that the vowels make
that differ. Some of these differing traditions only differ
on some vowels whether they are long or short sounds, while
others have the exact same sounds for two or even more written
vowels (which would seem to make the existence of some useless).
Some say that these are just not needed any more. I will let
you work this all out later and wait on the Lord as you either
figure it all out, or just come to learn them all and find
mater which you decide, for you to be able to learn the meanings
later: you will need to learn what they are called, what they
look like and the most common sound rules in this step.
you already know, nikkudot means dots or marks.
The Masoretic tradition that I am teaching here does not include
dagesh (dots). Dagesh are dots inside of the Hebrew letters
and are different from nikkudot. Nikkudot was invented when
the Jews were being scattered and oral traditions were in
danger of being lost. These scholars at this time did not
wish to disturb the written text, so purposely designed the
nikkudot (and other marks) to be written under and above the
letters. They also kept other biblical gloss traditions of
using the margins for notes in the original manuscripts.
the first thing to know is that EVERY LETTER can be seen with
a dot INSIDE OF IT, this is called dagesh which we will learn
more about in the next step. In this step we learn about nikkudot,
which in this tradition only has dots UNDER and a couple cases
OVER the letters.
here two letters:
As you can see one has a dot in the letter (a dagesh type
called mappiq), and the other nikkudot below the letter (in
this case a vowel called a Hiriq).
HEBREW NIKKUDOT VOWEL NAMES
will learn simple things now one step at a time.
I will use an Aleph for vowel placement, because an Aleph
without a vowel under it is completely silent.
Hebrew letters sound exactly like the letter name and is always
The vowel under the letter is pronounced next, and then the
next letter sound, and if it also has a vowel under it that
vowel and on to the next letter again.
For example, in ancient Hebrew the name Bob without nikkudot
added is written as
That can look like b-b said quickly, but if we put a patach
_ (ah sound) under the first bet (right to left)
we sound out something like bahb and pronounce the English
For now just learn the name and sound of each vowel.
must be able to see the vowel and then know it's name and
sound to be able to move on to the next step.
I have added Vowel Flashcards in the Flash Card Kit for you
to practice with.
Notice that the Segol, Tzere and Hiriq get different sounds
if they are followed by a Yod. These are sometimes called
Yod Segol, Yod Tzere and Yod Hiriq.
Since the letter Aleph is silent, only the vowel sound is
when one of the vowels below is paired with a sheva. It's
sound time or length is cut in half. Since you have for example
two ah sounds and two eh sounds you now end up with vowel
sounds long, short and very short when the sheva is used.
If it is used without a vowel it indicates a break or stop.
that in ancient times there was also a Hatef Hiriq which is
only rarely seen in the Aleppo Codex.
OTHER DOTS AND MARKS
Shuruk and the Cholam are only found in use with the letter
Vav. The Cholam however can sometimes be found floating all
alone by itself between letters.
would suggest learning all of the standard nikkudot first
and then in another step the Hatef vowels and then finish
up with the Cholam and Shuruk.
you have learned all of these hurry back to start learning
GEMATRIA WORKS WITH VOWELS
with vowels is simple to count seeing that it is only counting
dots and lines.
dot is worth (1) and a line is worth (6)
can remember God is the dot, and is always one.
can remember six easily since it is a line (Vav).
number for Vav is (6) and also you know a Vav is a man and
the number of man is six, created on the sixth day.
so how can you remember this easily?
a Vav is a natural man (6), because Vav is simply a man who's
number is six.
is an anointed man who now gets the number 7. The Vav is six,
and we add 1 for the dot. John said he who I see the Spirit
of God descending on like a dove and remaining will be the
is a man filled with the spirit (like John the baptist was
from the womb). This man also gets a 7.
the other vowels, just count.
think you can see how easy this is. You simply sum the lines
and dots. Depending on how you are applying this you can then
also add the number for the letter like I showed with the
References (click the
back arrow on your browser to go back to your reading)
1. 1 Corinthians 15:46
2. For more about this topic study 1. Historic vowels 2. Matres
lectionis 3. Hebrew mother of learning.
Also take note that Hebrew only used the yod, hey and vav,
while arabic also used the aleph and remained silent in Hebrew
You can study
this topic here.
3. Nikkud (singular) nikkudot (plural). Nikkudot simply means
dots or marks. Nikkud is a dot or mark that was placed under
a Hebrew letter on copies of ancient manuscripts that represents
a vowel sound that was not otherwise represented in the original
text. These marks were placed above or below the letters so
as not to disturb the original text or flow in any way.